By Lauren Roberts
1. Wash your hands
“Do it often and do it properly,” Professor Kelly said.
You should wash your hands after blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing; if you have had close physical contact with anyone who is unwell; after using the toilet; before and after eating and after you touch a pet.
Experts also say you should wash your hands after visiting public spaces to remove any germs you may have picked up from contaminated surfaces, such as those frequently touched on public transport, in shopping centres or in gyms.
You also need to make sure you wash them thoroughly, which means lathering them up with soap and scrubbing for at least 20 seconds (about the time it takes to sing “Happy Birthday” twice) under clean, running water.
2. Sneeze into your elbow
When you cough or sneeze, sneeze into your elbow. Then wash your hands.
COVID-19 can spread through contact with droplets from an infected person’s cough or sneeze. Someone who is sick and coughs into their hand can easily spread the virus by touching surfaces which healthy people later touch.
3. Don’t touch your face
“If you need to touch your face, wash your hands first.”
4. Practice social distancing
Professor Kelly is urging Australians to keep “1.5 metres away from everyone whenever that is possible”.
At home or with small groups of friends, that means avoid handshaking and other physical greetings; regularly clean shared high-touch surfaces such as tables, kitchen benches and doorknobs; increasing the amount of fresh air in your home by opening windows or adjusting air conditioning, and; buying what you can online so you limit visits to the shop.
The Australian Government also recommends you consider what travel and outings are necessary and go to open places such as parks.
If possible, work from home or hold meetings through video conferences and take your lunchbreak outside in the open air.
5. Stay home if you’re sick
If you’re sick, stay at home, insists Professor Kelly.
“We want people who also have been in contact and been known to be in contact with a positive case to stay at home for 14 days,” he said.